profile and contact info
old and incomplete
Web network location software - scenarios of use
original project narrative
instructions of use
developers and advanced users - wiki
social life of issues workshops
design & media research fellowship, Jan van Eyck
preferred placement book
netlocator software
link language
the rogue and rogued video
information society initiative
lay decision support system
issue barometer
web issue index
election issue tracker
Country domains and their subdomains
Jon Postel

Issue Crawler Related

Issue Crawler: Issue Network Location and Visualization Tool (get login).

Issue Crawler instructions of use, scenarios of use and FAQ (current).

Issue Crawler Contextual History Essay [pdf] (2007)

Issue Crawler Back-end Movie (2005) [See also: Govcom.org all movies menu]

Information Politics on the Web (MIT Press, Paperback, 2006) [book], "Best Book of the Year, ASIS&T, 2005."

Note: Issue Crawler Korean-language instructions (2009). Also available in French and Italian.

Digital Methods Related

Internet Research: The Question of Method (Rogers, 2010) [published article]

Mapping Controversies (led by Bruno Latour, 2008-2010) [html]

Social Research with the Web (Rogers/Jansen/Stevenson/Weltevrede, 2009) [pre-print pdf]

The End of the Virtual: Digital Methods (Rogers, 2009) [pre-print 36pp]

Digital Methods Introduction. Reworking Method for Internet Research (current).

Digital Methods: First Steps (Stevenson/Rogers, 2009) [html]

Digital Methods Tools. How to's and sample projects (current).

Recent Academic Work

Mapping Public Web Space with the Issuecrawler (Rogers, 2009) [pre-print pdf]

Post-demographic Machines: Studying Social Networking Sites (Rogers, 2009) [pdf]

The Googlization Question, and the Inculpable Engine (Rogers, 2009) [pdf]

A New Media Approach to the Study of State Internet Censorship (Rogers, 2009) [pdf]

Coming to Terms: A conflict analysis of the usage, in official and unofficial sources, of 'security fence,' 'apartheid wall,' and other terms for the structure between Israel and the Palestinian Territories (Rogers & Ben-David, forthcoming 2010) [pdf]

Consumer Technology After Surveillance Theory (Rogers, 2008) [pdf]

Subsuming the Ground: How Local Realities of the Ferghana Valley, Narmada Dams and BTC Pipeline are put to use on the Web (Marres / Rogers, Economy & Society, 2008) [pdf]

The Palestinian-Israeli peace process and trans-national issue networks: the complicated place of the Israeli NGO (Rogers / Ben-David, New Media & Society, 2008) [pdf]

The Politics of Web Space (Rogers, 2008)

Public Media Projects and their Publics (Rogers et al. with American University / Ford Foundation), 2007 [html]

Recent Info-political Graphics

For the ppl of Iran: #iranelection RT (2009) [graphics]

The Nationalities of Issues: Rights Types (2009) [graphics]

Mapping the Palestinian Web Space (2008) [graphics]

The Demise of the Directory - Web Librarian Work Removed in Google (May 2008) [pdf]

A Website is Gone - The Drama of 911truth.org in Search Engine Space (September 2007) [html]

Recent Art Projects

IP Browser - Browse the Web by IP address (2008-2009)

Leakygarden.net - Your Web 2.0 context indexed by search engines (2008)

Elfriendo.com - A MySpace-Related, Web 2.0-compliant European Start-up (2008)

Issue Celebrities - What Happens to the Issue after a Celebrity Endorsement? (2007) [html includes movie]

Govcom.org - Most visited pages, April 2010

The End of the Virtual: Digital Methods (Rogers, 2009) [pre-print 36pp]

A Censor's Network: Iranian Social, Political and Religious Sites. A Hyperlink Analysis Method for Censored Website Discovery (December 2006) [updated pdf]

A New Media Approach to the Study of State Internet Censorship (Rogers, 2009) [pdf]

Leaky Content: An Approach to Show Blocked Content on Unblocked Sites in Pakistan - The Baloch Case (November 2006) [method pdf] [story pdf]

Govcom.org Maps (current) [html]

The Politics of Web Space (Rogers, 2008)

The Googlization Question, and the Inculpable Engine (Rogers, 2009) [pdf]

Issue Crawler Instructions of Use (current) [html]

World Summit on the Information Society Map Set (2005) [html]

"Consumer Technology after Surveillance Theory (Rogers, 2008) [pdf]

"Issuecrawler.net: A Narrative of a Software Project" (Rogers, 2002) [html] [EASST Review]

Issue Crawler Scenarios of Use (current) [html]

"Coming to Terms: Conflict Analysis of the usage, in official and unofficial sources, of 'security fence,' 'apartheid wall,' and other terms for the structure between Israel and the Palestinian Territories" (Rogers & Ben-David, 2004-2005) [six-piece pdf graphics set] [summary html] [article pdf]

Web Issue Index of Civil Society (2001-2006) [html] [Issue Ticker]

Issue Barometer (2000) [html]

Govcom.org Publications (current) [html]

Ruckus Techtools Action Camp
: Who's here? Who should be here? (June 2002). Map explanation and photo. [final map and data set pdf].

Issue Crawler Contextual History Essay (2007) [pdf]

R. Rogers and N. Marres, "French scandals on the Web, and on the streets: A small experiment in stretching the limits of reported reality," Asian Journal of Social Science, 30, 2, 2002, 339-353. (pdf)

Preferred Placement: Knowledge Politics on the Web (Rogers et al. 2000)

"Mapping Web Space with the Issue Crawler" (Rogers, 2006) [pdf]

Climate Change: U.S. Groups in International Context (2005) [pdf]

elebrities Have Favorite Issues - Quantity of Celebrity Endorsement per Issue (February 2007) [pdf]

"The Palestinian-Israeli peace process and trans-national issue networks: The complicated place of the Israeli NGO," (Rogers & Ben-David, 2005) [pdf] [summary]


The domain name govcom.org, we realise, is not fully in the spirit of the original RFC on Domain Name System Structure and Delegation, written in 1994 by Jon Postel. The RFC's recommended that no domain name be repeated in the name space like this: edu.edu, or net.net. Combinations such as netnet.net or eduedu.edu also would not be in the spirit of those seminal documents.

That notwithstanding, Govcom.org is conceived as a project to map debates on the Web on important social issues. In general we note that the major players in those debates come from government (.gov), industry (.com) and NGOs (.org), with science (.edu) often playing a lesser role than one would expect. Govcom.org is meant as the domain where one can follow some of these debates on societal issues by looking at maps that depict hyperlink and/or discursive relations between leading parties per issue.

To map the relations between these parties, we found it necessary to chart country subdomains, so that we could depict global relationships between generic .gov's, .com's, .org's, as well as .edu's. For example, .gov.al (Albanian governmental sites) and .org.br (Brazilian NGOs) would be mapped as 'government' and 'NGO', respectively.

Postel laid out the world-wide generic domain names, and left responsibility for subdomains to the country registries. Many countries have taken over either the US domain equivalents for their subdomains (.gov, .com, .org, .edu, .net, .mil) or their linguistic equivalents. Of the 245 or so country domain names, we found that 118 have .gov-type subdomain equivalents, 128 .com-type equivalents, 125 .org-type equivalents, 108 .edu-type equivalents and 89 .net-type equivalents. We also found that the .name project (.nom, .per, etc.) largely failed to attract a following.

There are many subdomain stories to be told, including the ones about countries being taken over by mainly US commercial interests, whereby, for example, .am (Armenia) is offered to US AM radio stations, .md (Moldova) is offered to American medical doctors and .la (Laos) is offered to Los Angeles.

Subdomains by country: Compilation method

We offer a chart of subdomains by country with a few disclaimers about exhaustiveness. The information has been compiled from norid.no, the country nic's, domain name sellers, and a few larger search engines. If a country nic has laid out its subdomain policy, then we have taken it over literally. If a country nic has not provided its policy, then we have searched for 'known practice' in various search engines. Thus the chart is a combination of official policy and known practice. We have not, however, checked the official policy of a country against their known practice, e.g., whether the French are actually using all the subdomains available to them. (By and large, they're not.)